Allograft vs. Autograft

An autograft is a bone or tissue that is taken from a part of a person’s own body and transplanted into another. Often, surgeons will use a person’s own hamstring tendon to repair a damaged anterior cruciate ligament. Similarly, an autograft bone may be transplanted from a person’s hip to aide in a spinal fusion. Patients who undergo autograft procedures may experience increased postoperative pain from the second surgical (autograft) site. They may also require longer periods of rehabilitation.

The use of allograft is advantageous because there is no second procedure required to remove and transfer a potion of the patient’s native bone or tissue. Surgical time may be minimized, postoperative discomfort reduced and patients may be back to normal activities more quickly.

No Guesswork. With autograft, graft sizing is a variable that must be managed adding to the time and potential complexity of each procedure. Allografts are measured to match specifications requested by a surgeon for each case; therefore, graft size is known at the time of surgery Patients that undergo procedures using allograft may experience reduced surgical time, which may result in reduced operating room costs.